TIAs, or transient ischemic attacks, are something like mini-strokes. You may experience symptoms which will disappear after 10 or 20 minutes. Your first reaction might be to brush these off as unimportant, but you should not. TIAs often are preludes to full strokes. The symptoms of stroke are:
- Numbness or inability to move limbs on one side of the body,
- Blurred vision on one side,
- Difficulty speaking or understanding speech,
- Sudden intense headache,
- Dizziness or loss of balance.
A stroke is a medical emergency that can be life-threatening without immediate treatment, so if you suspect you or someone you know has had a stroke, you should seek medical help immediately. The treatment depends on the cause, so the first procedure would usually be a CT scan. Then the treatment might involve medication or some sort of surgical intervention. Afterwards, stroke rehabilitation is often required. This helps patients relearn lost skills to return to normal life. It includes physical therapy, speech therapy, and occupational therapy.
Stroke Risk Factors
You are more at risk of stroke if any of these apply to you:
- Old age
- Lack of exercise
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Tobacco smoking
- Use of birth control pills along with any of these other risk factors
If you want to lower your risk of stroke keep fit and maintain a healthy diet. In particular, pay attention to your cholesterol, saturated fats, and salt intake. A healthy diet includes lots of vitamin-rich fruits and vegetables.